All About Ginseng: Benefits & Side Effects of Ginseng

People have been using multiple herbs and plants to treat several diseases. One such plant is Ginseng, which has offered medicinal benefits to humans for centuries. This article will give us a brief idea and knowledge about Ginseng.

What is Ginseng?

Ginseng is a medicinal plant that originated in China centuries ago. The Chinese have been using Ginseng roots to cure several diseases. The ginseng plant is a short plant with a fleshy root that grows slowly.

These plants can be classified into three categories depending on the root’s morphology, i.e., fresh, white, and red. Moreover, the three varieties also differ based on their harvesting period. Generally, the fresh Ginseng, the youngest ginseng variety, is harvested within four years. In contrast, white Ginseng requires 4-6 years to reach its harvesting period. The red Ginseng, the oldest variety, is harvested after six years.

Ginseng could also be used to make ginseng tea. Unlike green tea, ginseng tea is made primarily from the roots of the plant, while green tea is made from leaves. Ginseng tea could reduce your stress levels and might also help in maintaining your heart health.

The Ginseng plant is rich in two compounds, i.e., ginsenosides, and gintonin, which work together to offer a wide range of health benefits. The Ginseng family has a vast variety, but the most common Ginsengs are American (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian Ginseng (Panax ginseng). The reason behind the popularity of these two Ginsengs is the positive impact they put on the body. But, due to the variation in concentration of active compounds, American Ginseng is a relaxing agent, and Asian Ginseng is a stimulating agent.

But, Ginseng isn’t just limited to offering relaxing and stimulating effects as they provide several other benefits listed below.


Benefits of Ginseng

  1. Acts As An Anti-Inflammatory Agent

    Ginseng roots have ginsenoside compounds that inhibit inflammation and reduce the oxidation level in cells. Hence, it is said that Ginseng has both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Moreover, red Ginseng is considered the best herbal medicine to reduce oxidative stress as it increases the antioxidant enzyme activities in the cell.

  2. Use To Cure Erectile Dysfunction

    ED or Erectile Dysfunction is a primary concern for several men worldwide. But, it could be cured or improved with the help of the Ginseng plant. Just like ashwagandha, it might also help you in increasing your testosterone levels.

    Ginseng plant has a compound that stabilizes the oxidative stress in blood vessels and allows the penis to normalize function. Moreover, Ginseng improves nitric acid production, which helps in muscle relaxation and increases blood flow to the penis.

  3. Can Potentially Prevent Cancer

    Ginseng herb has a compound named ginsenosides which has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Moreover, ginsenosides are also responsible for keeping the cell cycle normal; hence, they prevent us from cancer by avoiding abnormal cell production.

    Alongside preventing cancer, ginseng intake helps improve patients’ health by reducing side effects and enhancing the impact of drugs on patients undergoing chemotherapy.

  4. Fights Against Fatigue and Tiredness

    Ginseng herb is a natural energy booster for humans. It reduces the overall fatigue and boosts energy to keep us active. The polysaccharide and oligopeptides present in Ginseng enhance the energy production in cells to keep tiredness at bay.

    Alongside reducing physical fatigue, the ginseng herb is also helpful to restore mental calmness.

Side Effects Of Ginseng Herbs

Ginseng is a medicinal plant that comes with the most negligible side effects. But, some people taking Ginseng might be allergic to the plant. Some of the typical allergic reactions people face due to Ginseng are difficult breathing, face swelling, lip swelling, etc.

A few other side effects experienced by consumers are diarrhoea, insomnia, heartbeat, increased or decreased BP, etc.


Ginseng has been serving the medicinal needs of people for years. Currently, we consume Ginseng in different processed forms like ginseng tea. But, any form of the medicinal plant will be very fruitful in keeping us healthy.

In case of side effects or reactions, it is advised to consult a doctor for better treatment. But, except for those exceptional cases, it’s good to have Ginseng regularly.

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